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Armed Associations and Political Violence in Belle Époque Europe
2017-12-12 @ 9:30 am - 2017-12-13 @ 1:00 pm
Despite the conventional image of the Belle Époque as a time of peace, progress and optimism, the twenty years leading up to the outbreak of the First World War were a period in which the practice of organised violence was part of everyday life for thousands and thousands of male European men. Genuine paramilitary corps (such as the Ulster Volunteer Force), industrial protection groups, private police like the German Zechenwehr or the Italian Volunteer Workers, and countless shooting clubs and military training associations are all examples of the process of militarisation which shaped many European countries.
This workshop aims to address this largely understudied topic by bringing together young and senior scholars to focus on political violence and processes of militarisation in France, the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and the United Kingdom between the 1880s and 1914. By analysing political, military and social contexts as well as individual case studies, the workshop aims not only to fill a gap in our knowledge of this period but also to think afresh and from a new perspective crucial issues such as the relationship between the rule of law and political violence, the impact of armed associations on citizen bodies and mass society, the causes of the First World War and its repercussions on European society.
Armed Associations pre-WWI